Uric acidis a substance that is generated in the body itself by the process of purine breakdown. However, the consumption of foods and beverages rich in purines can also lead to increased levels of this acid.
Thus, some people are more prone to a rapid increase in uric acid levels and the development of a disease known as gout. In this case, it becomes even more necessary to control the diet.
The main consequence of elevated uric acid (hyperuricemia) is the development of gout, a pathology that arises from the accumulation of purine crystals in the joints and the big toe. It is characterized by symptoms of inflammation and intense pain.
In addition, according to various experts, high uric acid is a cardiovascular risk factor in itself. In addition, gout also increases the risk of diabetes and stroke.
This health risk is due to multiple factors linked to the direct effect of elevated uric acid levels, the inflammation generated by the crystals formed in the joints or the frequent intake of anti-inflammatory drugs for attacks.
How to reduce uric acid
The only way to safely detect hyperuricemia is through a blood test. Thus, if such analysis shows high levels of uric acid, it is necessary to establish a treatment as soon as possible that allows to restore the values in a normal range.
First of all, the treatment will consist of following a certain diet, where there is no or hardly any presence of foods rich in purines. In this regard, it is appropriate to opt for a healthy diet, which will presumably be prescribed by your doctor.
Thus, it is important to eliminate from the diet seafood, alcoholic beverages, pork, broth cubes, sardines, offal, cauliflower or asparagus; since all these foods cause a rise in uric acid in the blood.
It should be taken into account that alcohol increases lactate in the blood stream, which results in inhibiting the elimination of uric acid. Numerous experts point to beer as an alcoholic beverage that is not recommended in case of hyperuricemia. It is also advisable to avoid higher alcoholic beverages.
As for healthy habits to follow to reduce uric acid levels in case of hyperuricemia and/or gout, it is advisable to drink a lot of water; at least 2 liters a day. Drinking large quantities of water will allow the excess uric acid to be eliminated through urine more quickly.
It is also appropriate to perform physical exercise of moderate intensity. This physical activity should be adjusted to the condition of each patient, without forcing the body in painful situations. In case of overweight, progressive weight loss is beneficial to reduce uric acid.
Returning to food, it is important that the nutritional structure in case of hyperuricemia is based on a healthy diet; with the presence of fruits and vegetables, legumes, eggs and dairy products.