According to Medline Plus, the website of the National Library of Medicine of the United States, diabetes is a disease in which the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood are very high.
According to the Spanish Sanitas Group, it is recommended to measure blood sugar in the morning upon rising and before breakfast, and is considered normal if the blood sugar level is between 70 and 100 mg / dl fasting and for less. than 140 mg / dl two hours after each.
When insulinmetabolism does not work properly, tissue cells stop absorbing glucose properly and it accumulates in the blood. For this reason, diabetes is diagnosed if the fasting glucose level is 126 mg / dL (7.0 mmol / L) or more in two different tests. Values between 100 and 125 mg / dL (5.5 and 7.0 mmol / L) are known as impaired fasting glucose or prediabetes. These values are risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
Adjustable diet and exercise
The World Health Organization (WHO) announced that type 2 diabetes mellitus is due to the organism failure to use the insulin it produces effectively, while type 1 diabetes mellitus is characterized by deficient insulin production and requires daily administration of this hormone.
It should be noted that type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but usually in childhood or adolescence, and type 2 diabetes (the most common type) can occur at any age, but is more common in people over the age of 40. According to Mayo Clinic, a nonprofit organization dedicated to clinical practice, education and research.
For this reason, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that a person with diabetes have glucose levels between 80 and 130 mg/dL before meals (basal) and lower after meals (postprandial). to 180 mg/dL,” according to SocialDiabetes.
Consequently, treating diabetes consists of eating healthy, exercising and lowering blood sugar levels, taking into account that some foods that increase insulin levels are: chocolates, candies, jams, honey, ice cream, soft drinks, alcohol, sweet cookies, fast food. Refined wheat flour, refined wheat flour, sugary cereals, among others.
Physical activity is key
However, there are some beverages that help reduce blood sugar levels and, according to a study published in the Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition and reviewed by the portal Terra Networks, black tea helps reduce glucose levels.
“Consumption of black tea can reduce postprandial blood sugar after taking sucrose,” the researchers found, according to the website.
Likewise, the Mayo Clinic, a nonprofit organization dedicated to clinical practice, education and research, noted that physical activity also helps control blood sugar levels, as regular exercise is often an effective means of controlling it. However, you should not exercise if ketones are found in your urine, as this can cause your blood sugar levels to rise further.
In fact, he stated that some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are: increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of muscle and fat loss that occurs when there is not enough insulin), tiredness, irritability, blurred vision, wounds that are slow to heal, frequent infections (of the gums or skin), and vaginal infections.